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2002/12/20

No.459 トルコでの貨物不足渡し/過剰渡しに対する過怠金について

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No.459
2002年12月20日


トルコでの貨物不足渡し/過剰渡しに対する過怠金について


(トルコの弊組合Correspondent Vitsan Mumessillikからの情報より)


今般、トルコの弊組合Correspondentより、添付のとおり貨物の不足渡し、過剰渡しに対する過怠金の新規則について案内がありましたのでご参考に供します。なお、新規則は2002年6月31日に発効しております。


主な変更点は次のとおりです。

1.税関への証拠提出期限
改定前:6ヶ月(税関の裁量により1年に延長可能)
改定後:3ヶ月(税関の裁量による延長なし)


2.許容誤差(bulk cargoのみ)
改定前:B/L数量の2%
改定後:B/L数量の3%


3.決定された過怠金に対する不服申立て期間
改定前:決定が送達された日から15日間
改定後:決定が送達された日から7日間


4.不服申立てが却下された場合の提訴期間
改定前:15日以内に管轄裁判所(通常、現地の刑事裁判所)へ提訴
改定後:60日以内にAdministrative Courtへ提訴


5.その他変更点
① 過怠金の算定は、申告された貨物の種類、性質に基づいてなされる。
② 過怠金の算定に当たって、貨物の性質や大気の影響による数値の変動が、過怠金を支払う者の有利に考慮される。
③ 貨物の容積、数量、重量に過不足があっても、梱包されたケースの数量がB/L表示と同じであれば、過怠金を算定しない。

以上


<日本船主責任相互保険組合>




CIRCULAR


SUBJECT:CARGO SHORTAGE & OVERAGES /CUSTOMS FINES/ ALTERATIONS AT RELEVANTREGULATIONS, BY THE NEW BY-LAW.

PLEASE NOTE THAT,BASING ON NEW CUSTOMS LAW NO.4458, A NEW CUSTOMS REGULATION (BY-LAW)HAS BEEN PUT INTO EFFECT,IN TURKEY, AS FROM 31/06/2002,BY WHICH THE FOLLOWING ALTERATIONSHAVE BEEN EFFECTED AT THE PRESENT CUSTOMS SHORTAGE FINE STATUS/ PRACTISE,WITH RESPECT TOTHE FOLLOWING POINTS,WHICH WE FOUND PARTICULARLY INTERESTING THE ASSOCIATION; HENCE WORTHSUBMITTING TO YOUR KIND ATTENTION:

I-1)THE SIX (6) MONTH TIME,WHICH WAS BEING GRANTED BY THE LOCAL CUSTOMS TOTHE AGENTS,TO SUBMIT A SHORT SHIPMENT (OR OVERSHIPMENT) CERIFICATE/DOC. FROM THE LOADPORTAGENTS-TO SECURE CANCELLING OF THE STARTED CUSTOMS PURSUIT- (WHICH WAS ALSO SUBJECT TO ANEXTENSION UP TO ONE YEAR TIME,BEING IN THE DISCRETION OF THE CUSTOMS),IS NOW (WITH THENEW BY-LAW) HAS BEEN REDUCED AND ESTABLISHEDAS THREE (3) MONTHS , WITHOUT BEINGSUBJECT TO ANY EXTENSION.

2) THEWASTE ALLOWANCE RATEOF ( 2 % ) (FOR BULK CARGO ONLY) HAS BEEN INCREASEDTO ( 3%).

IN OTHER WORDS,FOR BULK CARGO,IN CASES WHERE SHORTAGE DO NOT EXCEED 3 % OF THE B/LQUANTITY, NO SHORTAGE CUSTOMS PURSUIT WILL BE STARTED/NO FINE WILL BE IMPOSED.

3) THE TIME PROVIDED FOROPPOSITIONTO THE IMPOSED FINE WAS FIFTEEN (15)DAYS FROM THE SERVICE OF THE FINE,
NOW, ABOVE TIME, HAS BEEN REDUCED TO SEVEN (7) DAYS FOR THE OPPOSITIONS TO BE MADE BEFORETHE CUSTOMS CHIEF DIRECTORATE.
(ON THE OTHER HAND,OPPOSITIONS,TO BE MADE BEFORE THE UNDERSECRETARY OF THE CUSTOMS CAN BEFILED STILL WITHIN 15 DAYS, AS IT WAS BEFORE).

4) IN CASE OF REJECTION OF (OF THE OPPOSITION) , BY THE RELEVANT CUSTOMS AUTHORITY,INTHE PREVIOUS REGIME,IT WAS POSSIBLE TO FILE A COURT CASE AT THE COMPETENT COURT (WHICH,INPRACTISE, WAS LOCAL CRIMINAL COURT),WITHIN FIFTEEN (15) DAYS FROM THE SERVICE OFREJECTION.
WHEREAS, IN THE NEW BY- LAW IT IS PROVIDED THAT SUCH OPPOSITIONS,SHOULD BE MADE BY FILINGA COURT CASE AT THE ADMINISTRATIVE COURT,WITHIN SIXTY (60)DAYS.

II-NEW BY LAW ALSO PROVIDES THAT,IN THE APPLICATION OF SUBJECT FINES:
1) THE DECLARED KIND,TYPE AND NATURE OF THE GOODS WOULD BE TAKENAS BASIS; AND
2) AT THE ASSESMENT OF THE FINE,DISCREPANCIES,ARISING FROM THE NATURE OF THE GOODS ANDATMOSPHERIC EFFECTS,WOULD BE TAKEN INTO ACCOUNT,IN FAVOUR OF THE PARTY LIABLE FOR THEFINE.
3) IN CASES WHERE THE NUMBER OF THE CASES WERE SAME WITH THE ONESWRITTEN ON THE B/L ,BUT THERE WERE SHORTAGE OR OVERAGES WITHRESPECT TO THE MEASUREMENTS,SUCH AS COUNTING,UNIT OR WEIGHT,NO SHORTAGE/OVERAGE PURSUIT SHOULD BE STARTED.
III- DEFINITIONS:
FORBULKCARGO:........ ALL KINDS OF SOLID,LIQUID AND GAS SUBSTANCE,UNPACKED AND IN GENERAL, LOADING AND UNLOADING REQUIRED MECHANICAL INSTRUMENTS ORINSTALLATIONS.

FORNON BULKCARGO (OTHER THAN BULK): .......COUNTABLE AS PACKAGE OR PACKAGEDGOODS.



YOURS FAITHFULLY.




VITSAN MUMESSILLIK VE TICARET A.S.


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